bark, spruce (#41)

ID-number#41
Materialbark, spruce
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ bark ▸ bark, spruce
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [112] schors
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 1.82

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 54.73 55.74 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.33 5.43 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.36 0.37 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.07 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 37.67 38.37 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 20.31 20.69
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 21.47 21.87
HHVMilne MJ/kg 21.12 21.51 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 200.0 203.7 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 5.7 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 41.5 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown