rape (#409)

ID-number#409
Materialrape
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ rape ▸ rape
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 7.66

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 49.84 53.97 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 6.07 6.57 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 1.84 1.99 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.66 0.71 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 33.30 36.06 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 20.15 21.82
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 21.49 23.27
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.74 22.46 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 6 300.0 6 822.6 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 4.1 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 900
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 420
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 660
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 750

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 13.00
SO3 wt% (ash) 14.00
Cl wt% (ash) 5.96
P2O5 wt% (ash) 7.86
SiO2 wt% (ash) 4.10
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.75
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.28
CaO wt% (ash) 24.90
MgO wt% (ash) 3.14
Na2O wt% (ash) 1.37
K2O wt% (ash) 25.40
Pb mg/kg (ash) 3.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.1
Cu mg/kg (ash) 36.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0