railroad ties, sleepers (#407)

ID-number#407
Materialrailroad ties, sleepers
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ treated wood ▸ organic impregnated ▸ railroad ties, sleepers
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [150] verwerkt hout ▸ [180] geïmpregneerd hout (C-hout) ▸ [184] geïmpregneerd hout: organische middelen niet-gehalogeneerd
Ash typeindustrial
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 1.37

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 56.11 56.89 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 6.06 6.14 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.47 0.48 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.12 0.12 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 35.83 36.33 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 20.64 20.93
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 21.97 22.27
HHVMilne MJ/kg 22.78 23.09 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 400.0 405.6 Unknown

Major elements

Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 2.9 Unknown

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.5 Unknown
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 4.0 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 8.0 Unknown
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 8.0 Unknown
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 25.2 Unknown

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 1.10
SO3 wt% (ash) 6.58
P2O5 wt% (ash) 0.80
SiO2 wt% (ash) 33.08
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 21.16
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 7.14
CaO wt% (ash) 20.80
MgO wt% (ash) 3.60
Na2O wt% (ash) 1.62
K2O wt% (ash) 2.08
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.52
Mn mg/kg (ash) 0.5