railroad ties, sleepers (#406)

ID-number#406
Materialrailroad ties, sleepers
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ treated wood ▸ organic impregnated ▸ railroad ties, sleepers
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [150] verwerkt hout ▸ [180] geïmpregneerd hout (C-hout) ▸ [184] geïmpregneerd hout: organische middelen niet-gehalogeneerd
Ash typeindustrial
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 1.50

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 52.00 52.79 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 6.03 6.12 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.38 0.39 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.10 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 39.93 40.54 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.40 17.66
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.00 19.29
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.85 21.17 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 629.0 638.6 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 200
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 220
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 250
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 260

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 22.80
SiO2 wt% (ash) 3.00
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 5.46
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 1.26
CaO wt% (ash) 14.50
MgO wt% (ash) 3.66
Na2O wt% (ash) 10.80
K2O wt% (ash) 24.80
Pb mg/kg (ash) 7.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.0
Cu mg/kg (ash) 109.0
Cr mg/kg (ash) 63.0