maize (#401)

ID-number#401
Materialmaize
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ maize/corn ▸ maize
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [240] gewassen ▸ [241] mais
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 8.50

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 44.62 48.77 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.37 5.87 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.41 0.45 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.05 0.05 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 39.57 43.25 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.51 18.04
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.69 19.33
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.40 19.02 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 14 800.0 16 174.9 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 3.7 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.7 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 920
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 040
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 140
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 200

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 0.51
SO3 wt% (ash) 1.30
Cl wt% (ash) 11.40
P2O5 wt% (ash) 4.70
SiO2 wt% (ash) 61.70
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.17
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.72
CaO wt% (ash) 4.00
MgO wt% (ash) 0.59
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.23
K2O wt% (ash) 18.50
Pb mg/kg (ash) 3.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 3.0
Cu mg/kg (ash) 5.3
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0