bark, spruce (#40)

ID-number#40
Materialbark, spruce
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ bark ▸ bark, spruce
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [112] schors
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 2.36

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 54.16 55.47 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.15 5.27 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.65 0.67 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.04 0.04 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 37.62 38.53 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 20.16 20.64
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 21.29 21.80
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.65 21.15 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 200.0 204.8 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 1.2 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 6.5 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 15.7 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown