hemp (#398)

ID-number#398
Materialhemp
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ hemp ▸ hemp
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [225] hennep
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 6.86

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 44.83 48.13 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.17 5.55 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.99 1.06 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.08 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 41.92 45.01 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.46 17.67
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.59 18.89
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.88 18.12 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 600.0 1 717.8 Unknown

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 Unknown
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 3.9 Unknown
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 Unknown
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 300
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 750
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 800
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 800

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 15.10
SO3 wt% (ash) 1.77
Cl wt% (ash) 1.22
P2O5 wt% (ash) 4.04
SiO2 wt% (ash) 10.70
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.35
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.23
CaO wt% (ash) 31.50
MgO wt% (ash) 3.01
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.15
K2O wt% (ash) 21.00
Pb mg/kg (ash) 3.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.1
Cu mg/kg (ash) 41.0
Hg mg/kg (ash) 0.0