sunflower (#377)

ID-number#377
Materialsunflower
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ sunflower
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [239] overige doppen
Ash typeindustrial
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 3.00

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 52.90 54.54 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 6.58 6.78 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 1.38 1.42 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.15 0.15 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 35.91 37.03 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 19.30 19.90
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.80 21.44
HHVMilne MJ/kg 22.23 22.92 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 752.0 775.3 Unknown

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 980
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 180
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 240
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 240

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 19.40
SiO2 wt% (ash) 8.70
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 3.20
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 2.80
CaO wt% (ash) 19.20
MgO wt% (ash) 12.20
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.20
K2O wt% (ash) 25.00
Pb mg/kg (ash) 3.0
Cd mg/kg (ash) 0.0
Cu mg/kg (ash) 386.0
Cr mg/kg (ash) 63.0