RDF pellets, Finland (#3623)

ID-number#3623
MaterialRDF pellets, Finland
Alternative nameRefuse-derived fuel
DescriptionGasification test campaign using VTT's atmospheric pressure bubbling fluidised-bed (BFB) gasification test facility
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ RDF and MSW ▸ RDF unknown ▸ RDF
Submitter organisationTNO (Netherlands)
Submission date2021-10-19
LiteratureAuthor/institution: VTT (Finland) Year: 2019 Journal/project: BRISK II Biofuels Research Infrastructure for Sharing Knowledge 2

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Main biomass properties

Proximate analysis

Moisture content wt% 4.10 SFS-EN ISO 18134-2
Ash content at 550°C wt% 8.82 9.20 SFS-EN ISO 18122
Volatile matter wt% 77.30 80.60 88.77 SFS-EN ISO 18123
Fixed carbon wt% 9.78 10.20 11.23 Calculated

Ultimate analysis (macroelements)

Carbon wt% 52.75 55.00 60.57 SFS-EN ISO 16948
Hydrogen wt% 7.48 7.80 8.59 SFS-EN ISO 16948
Oxygen wt% 25.51 26.60 29.30 Calculated
Nitrogen wt% 0.48 0.50 0.55 SFS-EN ISO 16948
Sulphur wt% 0.13 0.14 0.15 ASTM D 4239 (mod), SFS-EN ISO 16994
Total (with halides) wt% 99.97 99.97 99.97 Calculated

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 7 000.7 7 300.0 8 039.6 SFS-EN ISO 10304-1

Heating value

HHVMilne MJ/kg 24.64 25.70 28.30 Calculated

Trace elements composition

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 6 900.0 SFS-EN ISO 11885 ICP-OES analysis
Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.1 SFS-EN ISO 17294-2 ICP-MS analysis
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) SFS-EN ISO 11885 ICP-OES analysis
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 200.0
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 17 800.0 SFS-EN ISO 11885 ICP-OES analysis
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 1.4 SFS-EN ISO 17294-2 ICP-MS analysis
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 6.3 SFS-EN ISO 17294-2 ICP-MS analysis
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 87.0 SFS-EN ISO 17294-2 ICP-MS analysis
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 42.0 SFS-EN ISO 17294-2 ICP-MS analysis
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 1 100.0 SFS-EN ISO 11885 ICP-OES analysis
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 2.3 SFS-EN ISO 17294-2 ICP-MS analysis
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 1 700.0 SFS-EN ISO 11885 ICP-OES analysis
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 100.0 SFS-EN ISO 11885 ICP-OES analysis
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 43.0 SFS-EN ISO 17294-2 ICP-MS analysis
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 3.2 SFS-EN ISO 17294-2 ICP-MS analysis
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 2 600.0 SFS-EN ISO 11885 ICP-OES analysis
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 5.6 SFS-EN ISO 17294-2 ICP-MS analysis
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 430.0 SFS-EN ISO 11885 ICP-OES analysis
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 32.0 SFS-EN ISO 17294-2 ICP-MS analysis
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 23.0 SFS-EN ISO 17294-2 ICP-MS analysis
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 7 700.0 SFS-EN ISO 11885 ICP-OES analysis
Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 7.0 SFS-EN ISO 17294-2 ICP-MS analysis
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 39.0 SFS-EN ISO 17294-2 ICP-MS analysis
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 2 100.0 SFS-EN ISO 11885 ICP-OES analysis
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 2.8 SFS-EN ISO 17294-2 ICP-MS analysis
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 260.0 SFS-EN ISO 17294-2 ICP-MS analysis