Lawn cuttings (#3596)

ID-number#3596
MaterialLawn cuttings
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: yes, HTC, 270°C, 4h
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ grass/plants
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
Production date2018-05-24
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-09

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 3.62
Volatile matter wt% 53.46 55.47 66.78
Ash content at 550°C wt% 16.33 16.94
Fixed carbon wt% 26.59 27.59 33.22 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 64.73 67.16 80.86
Hydrogen wt% 5.64 5.85 7.04
Nitrogen wt% 2.61 2.71 3.26
Sulphur wt% 0.17 0.18 0.22
Oxygen wt% 6.90 7.16 8.62
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 24.47 25.48 30.68
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 25.79 26.76 32.22
HHVMilne MJ/kg 28.19 29.25 35.21 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.0 0.0 0.0

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

DEF (deformation temperature) °C 1 217
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 228
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 267