Urban leaf litter (#3591)

ID-number#3591
MaterialUrban leaf litter
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: yes, HTC, 270°C, 4h
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ other
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
Production date2018-06-21
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-09

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 4.69
Volatile matter wt% 51.41 53.94 65.26
Ash content at 550°C wt% 16.54 17.35
Fixed carbon wt% 27.36 28.71 34.74 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 63.22 66.33 80.25
Hydrogen wt% 5.28 5.54 6.70
Nitrogen wt% 1.08 1.13 1.37
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.11 0.13
Oxygen wt% 9.08 9.53 11.53
Total (with halides) wt% 99.99 99.99 99.99 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 24.50 25.83 31.25
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 25.78 27.05 32.73
HHVMilne MJ/kg 27.12 28.45 34.42 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.0 0.0 0.0

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

DEF (deformation temperature) °C 1 269
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 284
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 290