almond shells (hulls) (#359)

ID-number#359
Materialalmond shells (hulls)
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ almond ▸ almond shells (hulls)
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [235] amandeldoppen
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 3.04

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 50.14 51.71 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.95 6.14 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.74 0.76 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.03 0.03 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 40.08 41.34 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.77 18.33
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.07 19.66
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.02 20.65 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 200.0 206.3 Unknown

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 2.77
P2O5 wt% (ash) 10.14
SiO2 wt% (ash) 12.52
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 3.80
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 2.85
CaO wt% (ash) 17.20
MgO wt% (ash) 6.58
Na2O wt% (ash) 2.62
K2O wt% (ash) 30.93
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.15