Empty fruit bunch (#3585)

ID-number#3585
MaterialEmpty fruit bunch
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: yes, HTC, 280°C, 4h
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ organic residue ▸ empty fruit bunches
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
Production date2017-01-27
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-05

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 2.19
Volatile matter wt% 53.96 55.17 61.01
Ash content at 550°C wt% 9.36 9.57
Fixed carbon wt% 34.49 35.26 38.99 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 70.14 71.71 79.30
Hydrogen wt% 6.87 7.02 7.76
Nitrogen wt% 1.85 1.89 2.09
Sulphur wt% 0.26 0.27 0.30
Oxygen wt% 9.32 9.53 10.54
Total (with halides) wt% 99.99 99.99 99.99 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 28.35 29.04 32.11
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 29.91 30.58 33.82
HHVMilne MJ/kg 31.54 32.25 35.66 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.0 0.1 0.1

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

DEF (deformation temperature) °C 1 168
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 308
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 421