Empty fruit bunch (#3584)

ID-number#3584
MaterialEmpty fruit bunch
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: no
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ food industry waste
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
Production date2018-06-14
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-05

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 10.30
Volatile matter wt% 63.15 70.40 77.28
Ash content at 550°C wt% 7.98 8.90
Fixed carbon wt% 18.57 20.70 22.72 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 41.44 46.20 50.71
Hydrogen wt% 4.84 5.40 5.93
Nitrogen wt% 0.97 1.08 1.19
Sulphur wt% 0.13 0.14 0.15
Oxygen wt% 33.87 37.76 41.45
Total (with halides) wt% 99.53 99.48 99.43 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.31 17.35 19.05
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.63 18.54 20.35
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.25 18.12 19.89 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.5 0.5 0.6

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 510.0 ICP/OES
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 28 300.0 ICP/OES
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 370.0 ICP/OES
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 3 900.0 ICP/OES
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 9 800.0 ICP/OES
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 2 200.0 ICP/OES
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 870.0 ICP/OES
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 1 400.0 ICP/OES
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 32.0 ICP/OES

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 1.0 ICP/OES
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 67.0 ICP/OES
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 191.0 ICP/OES
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 73.0 ICP/OES
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 33.0 ICP/OES
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 404.0 ICP/OES