Empty fruit bunch (#3582)

ID-number#3582
MaterialEmpty fruit bunch
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: no
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ food industry waste
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
Production date2018-06-06
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-05

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 10.20
Volatile matter wt% 63.49 70.70 77.61
Ash content at 550°C wt% 7.99 8.90
Fixed carbon wt% 18.32 20.40 22.39 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 41.58 46.30 50.82
Hydrogen wt% 4.85 5.40 5.93
Nitrogen wt% 1.15 1.28 1.41
Sulphur wt% 0.15 0.17 0.19
Oxygen wt% 33.59 37.41 41.06
Total (with halides) wt% 99.52 99.46 99.41 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.33 17.35 19.05
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.65 18.54 20.35
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.32 18.17 19.95 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.5 0.5 0.6

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 520.0 ICP/OES
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 27 800.0 ICP/OES
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 360.0 ICP/OES
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 3 700.0 ICP/OES
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 10 000.0 ICP/OES
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 2 200.0 ICP/OES
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 800.0 ICP/OES
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 1 400.0 ICP/OES
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 31.0 ICP/OES

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 1.0 ICP/OES
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 56.0 ICP/OES
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 191.0 ICP/OES
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 67.0 ICP/OES
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 28.0 ICP/OES
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 7.0 ICP/OES
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 382.0 ICP/OES

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

DEF (deformation temperature) °C 950
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 020
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 050