Empty fruit bunch (#3581)

ID-number#3581
MaterialEmpty fruit bunch
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: no
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ food industry waste
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
Production date2017-04-27
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-05

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 7.20
Volatile matter wt% 67.40 72.63 79.43
Ash content at 550°C wt% 7.94 8.56
Fixed carbon wt% 17.46 18.81 20.57 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.80 49.35 53.97
Hydrogen wt% 5.51 5.94 6.50
Nitrogen wt% 0.98 1.06 1.16
Sulphur wt% 0.14 0.15 0.16
Oxygen wt% 32.00 34.48 37.71
Total (with halides) wt% 99.57 99.54 99.50 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.39 18.93 20.70
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.77 20.23 22.12
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.84 20.31 22.21 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.4 0.5 0.5

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

DEF (deformation temperature) °C 950
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 060
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 130