Empty fruit bunch (#3580)

ID-number#3580
MaterialEmpty fruit bunch
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: no
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ food industry waste
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
Production date2017-01-01
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-05

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 7.68
Volatile matter wt% 74.78 81.00 88.99
Ash content at 550°C wt% 8.29 8.98
Fixed carbon wt% 9.25 10.02 11.01 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.71 50.60 55.59
Hydrogen wt% 6.26 6.78 7.45
Nitrogen wt% 1.04 1.13 1.24
Sulphur wt% 0.31 0.34 0.37
Oxygen wt% 29.70 32.17 35.34
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.44 19.09 20.97
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.00 20.58 22.61
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.42 22.12 24.30 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.5 0.6 0.6

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

DEF (deformation temperature) °C 954
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 035
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 230