Spruce bark (#3577)

ID-number#3577
MaterialSpruce bark
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: yes, HTC, 280°C, 4h
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ bark
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
Production date2017-02-16
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-05

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 2.00
Volatile matter wt% 49.37 50.38 51.93
Ash content at 550°C wt% 2.93 2.99
Fixed carbon wt% 45.70 46.63 48.07 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 72.86 74.35 76.64
Hydrogen wt% 6.89 7.03 7.25
Nitrogen wt% 0.73 0.74 0.76
Sulphur wt% 0.33 0.34 0.35
Oxygen wt% 14.26 14.55 15.00
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 27.88 28.50 29.38
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 29.44 30.04 30.97
HHVMilne MJ/kg 32.14 32.79 33.80 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.0 0.0 0.0

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

DEF (deformation temperature) °C 1 102
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 336
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 391