Spruce bark powder (#3575)

ID-number#3575
MaterialSpruce bark powder
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: yes, steam explosion
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ treated wood ▸ others
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
Production date2017-04-27
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-05

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.50
Volatile matter wt% 66.90 71.55 75.08
Ash content at 550°C wt% 4.39 4.70
Fixed carbon wt% 22.21 23.75 24.92 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 50.20 53.69 56.34
Hydrogen wt% 5.35 5.72 6.00
Nitrogen wt% 0.36 0.39 0.41
Sulphur wt% 0.06 0.06 0.06
Oxygen wt% 33.10 35.40 37.15
Total (with halides) wt% 99.96 99.96 99.96 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 18.49 19.94 20.92
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.82 21.20 22.25
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.11 21.51 22.57 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.0 0.0 0.0

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

DEF (deformation temperature) °C 1 340
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 480
FL (flow temperature) °C >1530