Spruce bark pellets (#3574)

ID-number#3574
MaterialSpruce bark pellets
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: yes, steam explosion
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ treated wood ▸ others
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
Production date2017-04-27
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-05

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.40
Volatile matter wt% 65.50 69.98 74.34
Ash content at 550°C wt% 5.49 5.87
Fixed carbon wt% 22.60 24.15 25.66 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 49.60 52.99 56.29
Hydrogen wt% 5.18 5.53 5.87
Nitrogen wt% 0.46 0.49 0.52
Sulphur wt% 0.05 0.05 0.05
Oxygen wt% 32.90 35.15 37.34
Total (with halides) wt% 100.07 100.08 100.08 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 18.21 19.62 20.84
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.51 20.84 22.14
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.68 21.02 22.33 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.0 0.0 0.0

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

DEF (deformation temperature) °C 1 330
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 410
FL (flow temperature) °C >1530