Spruce bark (#3573)

ID-number#3573
MaterialSpruce bark
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: yes, steam exploded
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ treated wood ▸ others
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-05

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.80
Ash content at 550°C wt% 4.30 4.61

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 48.90 52.47 55.01
Hydrogen wt% 5.44 5.84 6.12
Nitrogen wt% 0.33 0.35 0.37
Sulphur wt% 0.03 0.03 0.03
Oxygen wt% 34.25 36.75 38.53
Total (with halides) wt% 100.05 100.05 100.05 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 18.25 19.76 20.71
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.58 21.01 22.03
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.66 21.10 22.12 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.0 0.0 0.0

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 909.0 ICP/MS
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 1 960.0 ICP/MS
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 311.0 ICP/MS
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 10 800.0 ICP/MS
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 4 180.0 ICP/MS
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 742.0 ICP/MS
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 433.0 ICP/MS
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 450.0 ICP/MS
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 30.5 ICP/MS

Minor elements

Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 632.0 ICP/MS