Spruce bark (#3572)

ID-number#3572
MaterialSpruce bark
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: yes, washed and torrefied
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ bark
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-05

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 1.80
Ash content at 550°C wt% 4.30 4.38

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 53.50 54.48 56.98
Hydrogen wt% 5.30 5.40 5.65
Nitrogen wt% 0.44 0.45 0.47
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.02 0.02
Oxygen wt% 34.60 35.23 36.84
Total (with halides) wt% 99.96 99.96 99.96 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 20.29 20.71 21.66
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 21.49 21.88 22.88
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.99 21.37 22.35 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.0 0.0 0.0

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 178.0 ICP/MS
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 1 120.0 ICP/MS
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 203.0 ICP/MS
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 13 700.0 ICP/MS
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 550.0 ICP/MS
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 829.0 ICP/MS
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 120.0 ICP/MS
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 436.0 ICP/MS
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 16.2 ICP/MS

Minor elements

Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 530.0 ICP/MS