Spruce bark (#3571)

ID-number#3571
MaterialSpruce bark
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: yes, torrefied
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ bark
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-05

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 1.50
Ash content at 550°C wt% 4.80 4.87

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 54.30 55.13 57.95
Hydrogen wt% 5.23 5.31 5.58
Nitrogen wt% 0.46 0.47 0.49
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.02 0.02
Oxygen wt% 33.67 34.18 35.93
Total (with halides) wt% 99.98 99.98 99.98 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 20.47 20.82 21.89
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 21.63 21.96 23.08
HHVMilne MJ/kg 21.27 21.59 22.70 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.0 0.0 0.0

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 329.0 ICP/MS
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 2 010.0 ICP/MS
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 109.0 ICP/MS
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 14 200.0 ICP/MS
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 1 490.0 ICP/MS
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 895.0 ICP/MS
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 194.0 ICP/MS
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 491.0 ICP/MS
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 34.2 ICP/MS

Minor elements

Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 525.0 ICP/MS