Spruce bark (#3570)

ID-number#3570
MaterialSpruce bark
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: no
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ bark ▸ bark, spruce
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-05

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 7.40
Ash content at 550°C wt% 3.70 4.00

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.80 51.62 53.77
Hydrogen wt% 5.57 6.02 6.27
Nitrogen wt% 0.35 0.38 0.40
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.02 0.02
Oxygen wt% 35.12 37.93 39.51
Total (with halides) wt% 99.97 99.97 99.97 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.42 19.01 19.80
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.83 20.34 21.19
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.36 20.91 21.78 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.0 0.0 0.0

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 434.0 ICP/MS
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 1 760.0 ICP/MS
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 148.0 ICP/MS
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 8 888.0 ICP/MS
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 2 640.0 ICP/MS
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 602.0 ICP/MS
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 227.0 ICP/MS
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 398.0 ICP/MS
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 21.1 ICP/MS

Minor elements

Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 529.0 ICP/MS