Spruce bark (#3568)

ID-number#3568
MaterialSpruce bark
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: no
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ bark ▸ bark, spruce
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
Production date2018-06-04
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-05

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.70
Volatile matter wt% 69.60 74.60 77.07
Ash content at 550°C wt% 2.99 3.20
Fixed carbon wt% 20.71 22.20 22.93 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.40 50.80 52.48
Hydrogen wt% 5.50 5.89 6.08
Nitrogen wt% 0.38 0.41 0.42
Sulphur wt% 0.05 0.05 0.05
Oxygen wt% 36.97 39.62 40.93
Total (with halides) wt% 99.97 99.97 99.97 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.64 19.08 19.71
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.01 20.38 21.05
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.90 20.26 20.93 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.0 0.0 0.0

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 370.0 ICP/OES
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 2 400.0 ICP/OES
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 140.0 ICP/OES
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 9 000.0 ICP/OES
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 780.0 ICP/OES
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 230.0 ICP/OES
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 520.0 ICP/OES
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 12.0 ICP/OES

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 7.0 ICP/OES
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 38.0 ICP/OES
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 88.0 ICP/OES
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 450.0 ICP/OES
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 56.0 ICP/OES
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 3 125.0 ICP/OES