Spruce bark pellets (#3567)

ID-number#3567
MaterialSpruce bark pellets
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: no
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ bark ▸ bark, spruce
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
Production date2017-04-27
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-05

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 7.60
Volatile matter wt% 67.00 72.51 76.63
Ash content at 550°C wt% 4.97 5.38
Fixed carbon wt% 20.43 22.11 23.37 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.30 51.19 54.10
Hydrogen wt% 5.23 5.66 5.98
Nitrogen wt% 0.42 0.45 0.48
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.08 0.08
Oxygen wt% 34.40 37.23 39.35
Total (with halides) wt% 99.99 99.99 99.99 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.20 18.82 19.89
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.54 20.06 21.20
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.80 20.34 21.50 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.0 0.0 0.0

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

DEF (deformation temperature) °C 1 340
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 490
FL (flow temperature) °C >1530