Wheat straw (#3565)

ID-number#3565
MaterialWheat straw
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: yes, washed and torrefied
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ straw ▸ wheat
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-04

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 2.40
Ash content at 550°C wt% 11.60 11.89

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.24 44.30 50.28
Hydrogen wt% 5.50 5.64 6.40
Nitrogen wt% 0.49 0.50 0.57
Sulphur wt% 0.06 0.06 0.07
Oxygen wt% 36.67 37.57 42.64
Total (with halides) wt% 99.96 99.96 99.95 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.38 16.84 19.11
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.58 18.01 20.44
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.41 17.84 20.24 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.0 0.0 0.0

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 262.0 ICP/MS
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 3 290.0 ICP/MS
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 277.0 ICP/MS
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 4 100.0 ICP/MS
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 46 900.0 ICP/MS
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 720.0 ICP/MS
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 140.0 ICP/MS
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 575.0 ICP/MS
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 341.0 ICP/MS

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 ICP/MS
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ICP/MS
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 ICP/MS
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 1.6 ICP/MS
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 7.4 ICP/MS
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 12.5 ICP/MS
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 ICP/MS
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 ICP/MS
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 ICP/MS
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 9.6 ICP/MS

Other elements

Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) <0.04 ICP/MS