Wheat straw (#3564)

ID-number#3564
MaterialWheat straw
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: yes, torrefied
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ straw ▸ wheat
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-04

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 2.40
Ash content at 550°C wt% 12.90 13.22

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.24 44.30 51.05
Hydrogen wt% 5.40 5.53 6.37
Nitrogen wt% 0.70 0.72 0.83
Sulphur wt% 0.11 0.11 0.13
Oxygen wt% 35.57 36.44 41.99
Total (with halides) wt% 100.31 100.32 100.37 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.40 16.86 19.43
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.58 18.01 20.75
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.36 17.79 20.50 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.1 0.1 0.1

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 385.0 ICP/MS
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 7 780.0 ICP/MS
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 166.0 ICP/MS
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 4 180.0 ICP/MS
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 49 300.0 ICP/MS
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 890.0 ICP/MS
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 233.0 ICP/MS
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 721.0 ICP/MS
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 286.0 ICP/MS

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 ICP/MS
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 ICP/MS
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 ICP/MS
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 1.8 ICP/MS
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 3.1 ICP/MS
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 14.3 ICP/MS
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 ICP/MS
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 ICP/MS
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.6 ICP/MS
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 8.5 ICP/MS

Other elements

Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) <0.04 ICP/MS