Wheat straw (#3563)

ID-number#3563
MaterialWheat straw
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: no
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ wheat ▸ wheat straw
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-04

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 3.40
Ash content at 550°C wt% 11.90 12.32

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 41.60 43.06 49.11
Hydrogen wt% 5.32 5.51 6.28
Nitrogen wt% 0.65 0.67 0.76
Sulphur wt% 0.11 0.11 0.13
Oxygen wt% 37.08 38.38 43.77
Total (with halides) wt% 100.05 100.05 100.06 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.59 16.22 18.50
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.81 17.40 19.84
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.54 17.12 19.53 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.1 0.1 0.2

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 396.0 ICP/MS
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 7 390.0 ICP/MS
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 160.0 ICP/MS
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 3 660.0 ICP/MS
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 44 900.0 ICP/MS
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 790.0 ICP/MS
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 245.0 ICP/MS
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 760.0 ICP/MS
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 953.0 ICP/MS

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 ICP/MS
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ICP/MS
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 ICP/MS
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 3.5 ICP/MS
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 3.4 ICP/MS
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 15.5 ICP/MS
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 ICP/MS
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 ICP/MS
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.6 ICP/MS
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 6.6 ICP/MS

Other elements

Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) <0.04 ICP/MS