Wheat straw (#3561)

ID-number#3561
MaterialWheat straw
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency Pretreatment: pulverised and sieved
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ wheat ▸ wheat straw
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
Production date2017-07-04
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-09-04

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 10.00
Ash content at 550°C wt% 5.57 6.19

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.93 51.03 54.40
Hydrogen wt% 5.86 6.51 6.94
Nitrogen wt% 0.64 0.71 0.76
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.11 0.12
Oxygen wt% 32.00 35.56 37.91
Total (with halides) wt% 100.10 100.11 100.12 Calculated

Calorific Values

HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.42 21.57 23.00 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 61.0 ICP/OES
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 9 040.0 ICP/OES
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 114.0 ICP/OES
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 10 800.0 ICP/OES
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 14 000.0 ICP/OES
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 792.0 ICP/OES
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 84.0 ICP/OES
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 1 110.0 ICP/OES

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 ICP/OES
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 2.6 ICP/OES
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 23.4 ICP/OES
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 ICP/OES
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 8.0 ICP/OES