almond shells (hulls) (#356)

ID-number#356
Materialalmond shells (hulls)
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ almond ▸ almond shells (hulls)
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [235] amandeldoppen
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 2.84

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.20 47.55 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.79 5.96 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.65 0.67 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.04 0.04 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 44.46 45.76 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.80 18.32
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.06 19.62
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.96 18.48 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 200.0 205.8 Unknown