Bark, spruce, torrefied (#3556)

ID-number#3556
MaterialBark, spruce, torrefied
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ bark
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-07-27

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 0.50 NEN-EN-ISO 18134-3:2015
Volatile matter wt% 68.85 69.20 72.08 NEN-EN-ISO 18123:2015
Ash content at 550°C wt% 3.98 4.00 NEN-EN-ISO 18122:2015
Ash content at 815°C wt% 3.48 3.50 NEN-EN-ISO 18122:2015
Fixed carbon wt% 26.67 26.80 27.92 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 54.03 54.30 56.56 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Hydrogen wt% 5.57 5.60 5.83 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Nitrogen wt% 0.40 0.40 0.42 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Sulphur wt% 0.03 0.03 0.03 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Oxygen wt% 36.02 36.20 37.71 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.54 100.54 100.56 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 21.38 21.50 22.40 NEN-EN-ISO 18125:2017
HHVMilne MJ/kg 21.36 21.47 22.37 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 87.6 88.0 91.7 NEN-EN-ISO 10304-1:2009

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 580.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 1 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 500.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 14 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 2 300.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 850.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 370.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 430.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 87.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 1.7 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 14.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 680.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.9 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.6 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 170.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 250.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Other elements

Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 55.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 11.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Tungsten (W) mg/kg (dry) 1.7 NEN 6966 ICP/OES