Bark, spruce, prewashed (#3555)

ID-number#3555
MaterialBark, spruce, prewashed
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ bark ▸ bark, spruce
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-07-27

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 0.50 NEN-EN-ISO 18134-3:2015
Volatile matter wt% 74.33 74.70 78.47 NEN-EN-ISO 18123:2015
Ash content at 550°C wt% 4.78 4.80 NEN-EN-ISO 18122:2015
Ash content at 815°C wt% 3.38 3.40 NEN-EN-ISO 18122:2015
Fixed carbon wt% 20.40 20.50 21.53 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 49.65 49.90 52.42 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Hydrogen wt% 5.87 5.90 6.20 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Nitrogen wt% 0.40 0.40 0.42 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Sulphur wt% 0.03 0.03 0.04 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Oxygen wt% 41.09 41.30 43.38 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 102.34 102.35 102.47 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 19.89 20.00 21.01 NEN-EN-ISO 18125:2017
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.65 19.74 20.74 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 129.4 130.0 136.6 NEN-EN-ISO 10304-1:2009

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 560.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 1 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 430.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 12 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 3 800.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 790.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 340.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 440.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 280.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 2.1 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 4.3 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 620.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.8 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.7 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 160.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 220.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Other elements

Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 46.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 11.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Tungsten (W) mg/kg (dry) 1.6 NEN 6966 ICP/OES