Bark, spruce, fresh (#3554)

ID-number#3554
MaterialBark, spruce, fresh
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ bark ▸ bark, spruce
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-07-27

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 0.50 NEN-EN-ISO 18134-3:2015
Volatile matter wt% 74.13 74.50 77.12 NEN-EN-ISO 18123:2015
Ash content at 550°C wt% 3.38 3.40 NEN-EN-ISO 18122:2015
Ash content at 815°C wt% 3.18 3.20 NEN-EN-ISO 18122:2015
Fixed carbon wt% 21.99 22.10 22.88 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 49.15 49.40 51.14 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Hydrogen wt% 5.77 5.80 6.00 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Nitrogen wt% 0.40 0.40 0.41 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Sulphur wt% 0.04 0.04 0.04 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Oxygen wt% 40.00 40.20 41.61 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 99.25 99.25 99.22 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 19.79 19.90 20.60 NEN-EN-ISO 18125:2017
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.50 19.59 20.28 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 99.5 100.0 103.5 NEN-EN-ISO 10304-1:2009

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 470.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 2 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 160.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 11 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 1 900.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 810.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 280.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 510.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 120.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.7 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 3.4 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 3.7 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 650.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 2.6 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 140.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 220.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Other elements

Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 44.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 12.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Tungsten (W) mg/kg (dry) 1.3 NEN 6966 ICP/OES