Wheat straw, torrefied (#3553)

ID-number#3553
MaterialWheat straw, torrefied
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ straw ▸ wheat
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-07-27

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 3.00 NEN-EN-ISO 18134-3:2015
Volatile matter wt% 68.77 70.90 78.17 NEN-EN-ISO 18123:2015
Ash content at 550°C wt% 9.02 9.30 NEN-EN-ISO 18122:2015
Ash content at 815°C wt% 8.54 8.80 NEN-EN-ISO 18122:2015
Fixed carbon wt% 19.21 19.80 21.83 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.27 47.70 52.59 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Hydrogen wt% 5.34 5.50 6.06 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Nitrogen wt% 0.39 0.40 0.44 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Sulphur wt% 0.05 0.05 0.06 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Oxygen wt% 34.82 35.90 39.58 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 98.94 98.91 98.79 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 18.55 19.20 21.17 NEN-EN-ISO 18125:2017
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.48 19.06 21.01 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 523.8 540.0 595.4 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 180.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 3 400.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 440.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 3 800.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 34 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 560.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 250.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 610.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 41.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 4.8 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 3.1 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 42.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 29.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 6.8 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Other elements

Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 23.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 2.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES