Wheat straw, prewashed (#3552)

ID-number#3552
MaterialWheat straw, prewashed
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ wheat ▸ wheat straw
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-07-27

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 1.80 NEN-EN-ISO 18134-3:2015
Volatile matter wt% 72.67 74.00 82.41 NEN-EN-ISO 18123:2015
Ash content at 550°C wt% 10.02 10.20 NEN-EN-ISO 18122:2015
Ash content at 815°C wt% 9.43 9.60 NEN-EN-ISO 18122:2015
Fixed carbon wt% 15.52 15.80 17.59 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 42.13 42.90 47.77 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Hydrogen wt% 5.50 5.60 6.24 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Nitrogen wt% 0.39 0.40 0.45 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Sulphur wt% 0.06 0.06 0.07 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Oxygen wt% 39.48 40.20 44.77 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 99.45 99.44 99.38 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.34 17.70 19.71 NEN-EN-ISO 18125:2017
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.72 17.02 18.96 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 775.8 790.0 879.7 NEN-EN-ISO 10304-1:2009

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 120.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 3 100.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 410.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 3 600.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 38 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 540.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 150.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 640.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 360.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 1.3 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 2.7 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 15.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.6 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 25.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 2.5 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Other elements

Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 20.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 1.3 NEN 6966 ICP/OES