Wheat straw, fresh (#3551)

ID-number#3551
MaterialWheat straw, fresh
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ wheat ▸ wheat straw
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-07-27

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 1.60 NEN-EN-ISO 18134-3:2015
Volatile matter wt% 70.65 71.80 80.04 NEN-EN-ISO 18123:2015
Ash content at 550°C wt% 10.14 10.30 NEN-EN-ISO 18122:2015
Ash content at 815°C wt% 10.04 10.20 NEN-EN-ISO 18122:2015
Fixed carbon wt% 17.61 17.90 19.96 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 42.21 42.90 47.83 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Hydrogen wt% 5.51 5.60 6.24 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Nitrogen wt% 0.39 0.40 0.45 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Sulphur wt% 0.08 0.08 0.09 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Oxygen wt% 37.98 38.60 43.03 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 98.19 98.16 97.95 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.18 17.50 19.51 NEN-EN-ISO 18125:2017
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.94 17.22 19.19 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 2 755.2 2 800.0 3 121.5 NEN-EN-ISO 10304-1:2009

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 45.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 8 400.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 140.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 2 800.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 36 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 560.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 49.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 830.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 350.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 1.8 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 17.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.3 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 6.4 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 0.7 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 1.3 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Other elements

Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 11.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 1.8 NEN 6966 ICP/OES