Verge grass, torrefied (#3550)

ID-number#3550
MaterialVerge grass, torrefied
Alternative nameRoadside grass
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ grass/plants ▸ verge grass
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-07-27

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 1.50 NEN-EN-ISO 18134-3:2015
Volatile matter wt% 60.58 61.50 72.18 NEN-EN-ISO 18123:2015
Ash content at 550°C wt% 14.58 14.80 NEN-EN-ISO 18122:2015
Ash content at 815°C wt% 13.89 14.10 NEN-EN-ISO 18122:2015
Fixed carbon wt% 23.34 23.70 27.82 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 49.15 49.90 58.57 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Hydrogen wt% 5.22 5.30 6.22 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Nitrogen wt% 1.67 1.70 2.00 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Sulphur wt% 0.14 0.14 0.16 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Oxygen wt% 30.24 30.70 36.03 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 102.63 102.67 103.13 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 19.66 20.00 23.47 NEN-EN-ISO 18125:2017
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.65 19.95 23.42 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 280.5 1 300.0 1 525.8 NEN-EN-ISO 10304-1:2009

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 1 400.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 4 400.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 1 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 13 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 46 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 600.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 1 400.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 2 200.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 220.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 11.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 9.1 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 140.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 3.7 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.9 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 1.9 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 78.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 33.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 2.6 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Other elements

Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 55.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 15.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES