almond shells (hulls) (#355)

ID-number#355
Materialalmond shells (hulls)
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ almond ▸ almond shells (hulls)
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [235] amandeldoppen
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 4.87

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.71 50.15 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.87 6.17 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 1.45 1.52 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.07 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 39.96 42.01 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.93 18.84
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.21 20.19
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.99 19.97 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 700.0 735.8 Unknown

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 1.20
P2O5 wt% (ash) 5.50
SiO2 wt% (ash) 4.00
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.40
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 1.30
CaO wt% (ash) 5.00
MgO wt% (ash) 2.90
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.20
K2O wt% (ash) 50.90