Verge grass, prewashed (#3549)

ID-number#3549
MaterialVerge grass, prewashed
Alternative nameRoadside grass
DescriptionSample acquired and analyzed in the frame of the EU H2020 Biofficiency project
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ verge grass
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-07-27

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 1.50 NEN-EN-ISO 18134-3:2015
Volatile matter wt% 71.02 72.10 84.03 NEN-EN-ISO 18123:2015
Ash content at 550°C wt% 13.99 14.20 NEN-EN-ISO 18122:2015
Ash content at 815°C wt% 13.20 13.40 NEN-EN-ISO 18122:2015
Fixed carbon wt% 13.49 13.70 15.97 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 42.45 43.10 50.23 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Hydrogen wt% 5.52 5.60 6.53 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Nitrogen wt% 1.38 1.40 1.63 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Sulphur wt% 0.17 0.17 0.20 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Oxygen wt% 36.84 37.40 43.59 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 102.04 102.07 102.41 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.00 17.30 20.16 NEN-EN-ISO 18125:2017
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.01 17.27 20.13 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 970.0 2 000.0 2 331.0 NEN-EN-ISO 10304-1:2009

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 2 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 4 600.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 1 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 11 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 54 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 100.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 1 500.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 1 600.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 950.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 6.3 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 7.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 160.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 2.9 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 2.7 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 2.4 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 70.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 29.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 2.1 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Other elements

Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 51.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 15.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES