Verge grass, fresh (#3548)

ID-number#3548
MaterialVerge grass, fresh
Alternative nameRoadside grass
DescriptionSample acquired in the frame of the EU H2020 project Biofficiency
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ verge grass
ProducerEU H2020 project Biofficiency
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2019-07-27

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 1.00 NEN-EN-ISO 18134-3:2015
Volatile matter wt% 65.44 66.10 80.71 NEN-EN-ISO 18123:2015
Ash content at 550°C wt% 17.92 18.10 NEN-EN-ISO 18122:2015
Ash content at 815°C wt% 16.73 16.90 NEN-EN-ISO 18122:2015
Fixed carbon wt% 15.64 15.80 19.29 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 40.99 41.40 50.55 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Hydrogen wt% 5.25 5.30 6.47 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Nitrogen wt% 1.78 1.80 2.20 NEN-EN-ISO 16948: 2015
Sulphur wt% 0.34 0.34 0.42 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Oxygen wt% 35.05 35.40 43.22 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 103.26 103.29 104.02 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.31 16.50 20.15 NEN-EN-ISO 18125:2017
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.29 16.46 20.09 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 9 405.0 9 500.0 11 599.5 NEN-EN-ISO 10304-1:2009

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 1 700.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 17 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 1 600.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 18 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 45 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 2 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 1 800.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 4 000.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 930.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.5 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 3.9 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 4.7 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 530.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 2.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.3 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 3.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 39.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 25.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 1.8 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 NEN 6966 ICP/OES

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 1.5 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 91.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 40.0 NEN 6966 ICP/OES