Torrefied straw (#3543)

ID-number#3543
MaterialTorrefied straw
Alternative nameTorrefied CENER straw - 260
DescriptionTorrefied straw produced in the frame of the SECTOR project, original material see ID 3542
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Ashes and residues from biomass conversion
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ straw
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [803] brandstof na torrefactie
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2015-12-08
Submitter commentsTorrefied straw produced in the frame of the SECTOR project, original material see ID 3542

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 2.00 ECN EN 14774-1/2
Volatile matter wt% 71.54 73.00 76.52 ECN EN 15148
Ash content at 550°C wt% 4.51 4.60 ECN EN 14775
Ash content at 815°C wt% 3.72 3.80 ECN EN 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 21.95 22.40 23.48 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.04 48.00 50.31 ECN EN 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.59 5.70 5.97 ECN EN 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.48 0.49 0.51 ECN EN 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.08 0.08 0.09 ECN BS EN ISO 16994
Oxygen wt% 42.14 43.00 45.07 ECN by difference
Total (with halides) wt% 101.92 101.96 102.06 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.62 19.00 19.92 ECN EN 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.25 18.62 19.52 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 878.1 896.0 939.2 ECN BS EN ISO 16994

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 181.0 ECN NEN 6966
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 10 128.0 ECN NEN 6966
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 166.0 ECN NEN 6966
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 4 969.0 ECN NEN 6966
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 7 813.0 ECN NEN 6966
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 715.0 ECN NEN 6966
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 134.0 ECN NEN 6966
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 647.0 ECN NEN 6966
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 4.1 ECN NEN 6966

Minor elements

Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 5.0 ECN NEN 6966
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 1.5 ECN NEN 6966
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 3.2 ECN NEN 6966
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 18.8 ECN NEN 6966
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.1 ECN NEN 6966
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.2 ECN NEN 6966
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 ECN NEN 6966
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 6.8 ECN NEN 6966
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 31.8 ECN NEN 6966

Other elements

Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 35.0 ECN NEN 6966
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 3.3 ECN NEN 6966
Tungsten (W) mg/kg (dry) 6.6 ECN NEN 6966