Straw (#3542)

ID-number#3542
MaterialStraw
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Straw parts
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ Biochar ▸ Straw
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [803] brandstof na torrefactie
ProducerCENER
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2015-10-13
RemarksMaterial collected in the frame of the SECTOR project, for torrefaction trials

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Main biomass properties

Proximate analysis

Moisture content wt% 3.90 ECN EN 14774-1/2
Ash content at 550°C wt% 3.84 4.00 ECN EN 14775
Ash content at 815°C wt% 3.17 3.30 ECN EN 14775
Volatile matter wt% 75.92 79.00 82.29 ECN EN 15148
Fixed carbon wt% 16.34 17.00 17.71 Calculated

Ultimate analysis (macroelements)

Carbon wt% 44.21 46.00 47.92 ECN EN 15104
Hydrogen wt% 6.04 6.28 6.54 ECN EN 15104
Oxygen wt% 41.33 43.01 44.80 by difference
Nitrogen wt% 0.49 0.51 0.53 ECN EN 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.09 0.09 0.09 ECN BS EN ISO 16994
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Halides

Bromine (Br) mg/kg 0.0 0.0 0.0 ECN
Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 023.5 1 065.0 1 109.4 ECN BS EN 15289
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 0.0 0.0 0.0 ECN

Heating value

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.30 18.00 18.75 ECN EN 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.98 18.71 19.49 Calculated

Trace elements composition

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 143.0 ECN NEN 6966
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 2.7 ECN NEN 6966
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 22.5 ECN NEN 6966
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 3 899.0 ECN NEN 6966
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN NEN 6966
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 15.0 ECN NEN 6966
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 1.7 ECN NEN 6966
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 3.0 ECN NEN 6966
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 100.0 ECN NEN 6966
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 8 668.0 ECN NEN 6966
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 571.0 ECN NEN 6966
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 17.0 ECN NEN 6966
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 162.0 ECN NEN 6966
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.5 ECN NEN 6966
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 558.0 ECN NEN 6966
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.0 ECN NEN 6966
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 6 734.0 ECN NEN 6966
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 26.0 ECN NEN 6966
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 3.6 ECN NEN 6966
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 ECN NEN 6966
Tungsten (W) mg/kg (dry) 13.0 ECN NEN 6966
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 6.6 ECN NEN 6966