Verge grass (bermgras) (#3538)

ID-number#3538
MaterialVerge grass (bermgras)
Alternative nameGrass from parks and road side
DescriptionMaterial collected in the frame of TKI Invent 2
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ verge grass ▸ verge grass
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [213] bermgras
SubmitterECN
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2015-10-10
RemarksMaterial collected in the frame of TKI Invent 2 to be processed in an autoclave (see ID 3539)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 7.50 ECN EN 14774-1/2
Volatile matter wt% 62.90 68.00 78.98 ECN EN 15148
Ash content at 550°C wt% 12.86 13.90 ECN EN 14775
Ash content at 815°C wt% 11.29 12.20 ECN EN 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 16.74 18.10 21.02 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 38.39 41.50 48.20 ECN EN 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.18 5.60 6.50 ECN EN 15104
Nitrogen wt% 1.39 1.50 1.74 ECN EN 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.23 0.25 0.29 ECN BS EN 15289
Oxygen wt% 34.60 37.40 43.44 ECN EN 15104
Total (with halides) wt% 100.99 101.07 101.24 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 15.73 17.00 19.74 ECN EN 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 15.47 16.72 19.42 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 8 468.4 9 155.0 10 633.0 ECN BS EN 15289
Bromine (Br) mg/kg 16.0 17.3 20.1 ECN BS EN 15289
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 9.3 10.0 11.6 ECN BS EN 15289

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 1 466.0 ECN NEN 6966
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 19 885.0 ECN NEN 6966
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 1 611.0 ECN NEN 6966
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 8 993.0 ECN NEN 6966
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 34 646.0 ECN NEN 6966
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 722.0 ECN NEN 6966
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 965.0 ECN NEN 6966
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 2 590.0 ECN NEN 6966
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 96.8 ECN NEN 6966

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN NEN 6966
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN NEN 6966
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 ECN NEN 6966
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 21.0 ECN NEN 6966
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 6.0 ECN NEN 6966
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 57.0 ECN NEN 6966
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 105.0 ECN NEN 6966
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.8 ECN NEN 6966
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 2.3 ECN NEN 6966
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 31.4 ECN NEN 6966
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 16.0 ECN NEN 6966
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 2.2 ECN NEN 6966
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN NEN 6966
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 96.0 ECN NEN 6966

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 1.1 ECN NEN 6966
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 32.8 ECN NEN 6966
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN NEN 6966
Tungsten (W) mg/kg (dry) 1.1 ECN NEN 6966