Biochar from greenhouse waste (pepper residues) 600/60/0 (#3535)

ID-number#3535
MaterialBiochar from greenhouse waste (pepper residues) 600/60/0
DescriptionPepper residues, used in FP7 FERTIPLUS, pyrolysed at 600oC, 60 minutes, 0% oxygen, in the ECN slow pyrolysis reactor Pyromaat. The biochar has been characterized according to the European Biochar Certificate and at ECN
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Ashes and residues from biomass conversion
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ Biochar ▸ European Biochar Certificate
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [804] brandstof na carbonisatie
Sample date2012-10-10
Sample locationECN, Petten
Sample lot size25kg
Combustion temperature600oC
CountryThe Nethelands
ProducerECN, Netherlands
Production date2012-10-10
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2015-10-08
RemarksGreenhouse waste biochar produced in the slow pyrolysis unit at ECN from greenhouse residues of pepper (see ID 3537)
LiteratureAnalysis carried out at ECN and EUROFINS, germany

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 2.50 0.10 EUROFINS DIN 51718
Volatile matter wt% 12.68 13.00 17.36 ECN
Ash content at 550°C wt% 24.47 25.10 0.10 Analogue DIN 51719
Ash content at 815°C wt% 18.53 19.00 0.10 ECN
Fixed carbon wt% 60.35 61.90 82.64 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 68.06 69.80 93.19 0.20 DIN 51732
Hydrogen wt% 1.52 1.56 2.08 0.10 EUROFINS DIN 51732
Nitrogen wt% 1.11 1.14 1.52 0.05 EUROFINS DIN 51732
Sulphur wt% 0.43 0.44 0.58 0.03 ECN
Oxygen wt% 2.05 2.10 2.80 EUROFINS by difference DIN 51733
Total (with halides) wt% 102.89 102.96 103.95 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 23.10 23.69 31.63 ECN
HHVMilne MJ/kg 24.59 25.22 33.67 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 27 431.6 28 135.0 37 563.4 ECN
Bromine (Br) mg/kg 74.1 76.0 101.5 ECN
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 44.9 46.0 61.4 ECN

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 1 836.0 ECN NEN 6966
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 48 978.0 ECN NEN 6966
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 4 055.0 ECN NEN 6966
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 43 652.0 ECN NEN 6966
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 13 707.0 ECN NEN 6966
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 11 964.0 ECN NEN 6966
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 2 155.0 ECN NEN 6966
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 4 299.0 ECN NEN 6966
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 104.0 ECN NEN 6966

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 3.4 ECN NEN 6966
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 ECN NEN 6966
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 1.0 ECN NEN 6966
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 17.0 ECN NEN 6966
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 26.5 ECN NEN 6966
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 80.0 ECN NEN 6966
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 12.8 ECN NEN 6966
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 12.3 ECN NEN 6966
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 3.2 ECN NEN 6966
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 68.0 ECN NEN 6966
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 30.1 ECN NEN 6966
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 2.0 ECN NEN 6966
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 2.0 ECN NEN 6966

Other elements

Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 460.0 ECN NEN 6966
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 47.2 ECN NEN 6966
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 8.0 ECN NEN 6966

Special components

pH pH 9,2 EUROFINS DIN ISO 10390
Total sum of PAH mg/kg (dry) 9,3 EUROFINS analogue DIN EN 15527
Conductivity mS/m 25 °C 1 730 EUROFINS BGK Chapter III C2

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Particle density kg/m³ 1 870 EUROFINS DIN 66137
Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 150 EUROFINS DIN 51705
Specific surface area (BET) m²/g 29.40 EUROFINS DIN 66132/ISO 9277