Biochar from greenhouse waste (pepper residues) 600/60/1 (#3533)

ID-number#3533
MaterialBiochar from greenhouse waste (pepper residues) 600/60/1
DescriptionPepper residues, used in FP7 FERTIPLUS, pyrolysed at 600oC, 60 minutes, 1% oxygen, in the ECN slow pyrolysis reactor Pyromaat. The biochar has been characterized according to the European Biochar Certificate and also at ECN
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Ashes and residues from biomass conversion
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ Biochar ▸ European Biochar Certificate
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [804] brandstof na carbonisatie
Sample date2012-10-22
Sample locationECN, Petten
Sample lot size10 kg
Combustion temperature600oC
CountryThe Nethelands
ProducerECN, Netherlands
Production date2012-10-22
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2015-10-08
RemarksGreenhouse waste biochar produced in the slow pyrolysis unit at ECN from greenhouse residues of pepper (see ID 3537)
LiteratureAnalysis carried out at ECN and EUROFINS, Germany

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 2.50 0.10 EUROFINS DIN 51718
Ash content at 550°C wt% 22.91 23.50 0.10 EUROFINS Analogue DIN 51719
Ash content at 815°C wt% 18.53 19.00 0.10 ECN EN 14775

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 68.06 69.80 91.24 0.20 EUROFINS DIN 51732
Hydrogen wt% 1.53 1.57 2.05 0.10 EUROFINS DIN 51732
Nitrogen wt% 1.12 1.15 1.50 0.05 EUROFINS DIN 51732
Sulphur wt% 0.40 0.41 0.54 0.03 EUROFINS DIN EN ISO 11885
Oxygen wt% 3.61 3.70 4.84 EUROFINS by difference
Total (with halides) wt% 102.86 102.93 103.83 Calculated

Calorific Values

HHVMilne MJ/kg 24.42 25.05 32.74 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 27 300.0 28 000.0 36 601.3 ECN BS EN 15289

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 1 463.0 ECN NEN 6966
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 50 000.0 EUROFINS DIN EN ISO 11885
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 3 600.0 EUROFINS DIN EN ISO 11885
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 37 685.0 EUROFINS DIN EN ISO 11885
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 7 200.0 EUROFINS DIN EN ISO 11885
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 11 000.0 EUROFINS DIN EN ISO 11885
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 660.0 EUROFINS DIN EN ISO 11885
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 3 647.0 EUROFINS DIN EN ISO 11885
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 41.0 ECN NEN 6966

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 6.8 ECN NEN 6966
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN NEN 6966
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 6.8 ECN NEN 6966
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 9.0 EUROFINS DIN EN ISO 17294-2
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 23.0 ECN NEN 6966
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 13.0 EUROFINS DIN EN ISO 17294-2
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 4.0 EUROFINS DIN EN ISO 17294-2
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 200.0 2.0 EUROFINS DIN EN ISO 17294-2
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 2.4 ECN NEN 6966
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 28.0 EUROFINS DIN EN ISO 17294-2
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 26.0 ECN NEN 6966
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 4.0 ECN NEN 6966

Other elements

Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 5.0 EUROFINS DIN EN ISO 17294-2

Special components

pH pH 9.0 EUROFINS DIN ISO 10390
Total sum of PAH mg/kg (dry) 8.6 0.1 EUROFINS analogue DIN EN 15527
Conductivity mS/m 25 °C 1 330 EUROFINS BGK Chapt. III C2

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Particle density kg/m³ 1 888 EUROFINS DIN 66137
Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 136 EUROFINS DIN 51705
Specific surface area (BET) m²/g 22.10 EUROFINS DIN 66132 ISO 9277