almond shells (hulls) (#353)

ID-number#353
Materialalmond shells (hulls)
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ almond ▸ almond shells (hulls)
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [235] amandeldoppen
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 6.17

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.50 49.56 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.97 6.36 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 1.15 1.23 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.04 0.04 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 40.12 42.76 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.49 18.64
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.79 20.02
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.71 19.94 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 500.0 532.9 Unknown

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 1.44
P2O5 wt% (ash) 7.93
SiO2 wt% (ash) 7.12
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.92
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 1.38
CaO wt% (ash) 8.39
MgO wt% (ash) 4.93
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.98
K2O wt% (ash) 48.60
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.08