Straw pellets, torrefied at 270 °C (#3528)

ID-number#3528
MaterialStraw pellets, torrefied at 270 °C
Alternative nametorrefied straw pellets
Description6mm pellets of torrefied straw; torrefaction temperature: 270°C
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Straw parts
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ grass/plants ▸ other
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [803] brandstof na torrefactie
CountrySpain
ProducerCENER
Production date2013-10-31
Submitterofi
Submitter organisationOFI (Austria)
Submission date2014-05-26
RemarksSECTOR project

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Volatile matter wt% 72.60 76.02 EN 15148
Ash content at 550°C wt% 4.50 EN 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 22.90 23.98 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 49.00 51.31 EN 15104
Hydrogen wt% 6.80 7.12 EN 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.60 0.63 EN 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.08 EN 15289
Oxygen wt% 38.98 40.82 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 18.70 19.58 EN 14918
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.20 21.15 EN 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.89 21.87 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 500.0 523.6 EN 15289

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Mechanic durability wt% 97.80 EN 15210-1,2
Amount of fines wt% 0.01 EN 15149-2
Dimension, D mm 6 EN 14961
Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 719 EN 15103