Biochar from greenhouse waste (pepper residues) under gasification (2) (#3520)

ID-number#3520
MaterialBiochar from greenhouse waste (pepper residues) under gasification (2)
DescriptionGreenhouse waste biochar, from greenhouse residues of pepper (ID 3537)
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Ashes and residues from biomass conversion
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ Biochar ▸ European Biochar Certificate
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [804] brandstof na carbonisatie
Sample date2015-06-01
Combustion temperatureGasification @ 750oC
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2015-08-21
RemarksGreenhouse waste biochar, from greenhouse residues of pepper (see ID 3537)
LiteratureECN produced material, analyzed at EUROFINS, Germany

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 4.50 0.10 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN 51718
Volatile matter wt% 14.33 15.00 22.69 0.20 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN 51720
Ash content at 550°C wt% 32.37 33.90 0.10 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN 51719
Ash content at 815°C wt% 25.31 26.50 0.10 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN 51719
Fixed carbon wt% 48.80 51.10 77.31 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 56.44 59.10 89.41 0.20 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN 51732
Hydrogen wt% 1.28 1.34 2.03 0.10 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN 51732
Nitrogen wt% 0.89 0.93 1.41 0.10 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN 51732
Sulphur wt% 0.27 0.28 0.42 0.03 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN 51724-3
Oxygen wt% 4.25 4.45 6.73 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN 51733
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 19.91 20.97 31.72 0.20 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN 51900
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.53 21.50 32.53 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN 51900
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.01 20.96 31.70 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 59 000.0 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN EN ISO 11885 melting digestion on ash 550oC (DIN 51729-1/-11) referred to original sunbstance
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 3 700.0 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN EN ISO 11885 melting digestion on ash 550oC (DIN 51729-1/-11) referred to original sunbstance
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 35 000.0 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN EN ISO 11885 melting digestion on ash 550oC (DIN 51729-1/-11) referred to original sunbstance
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 44 000.0 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN EN ISO 11885 melting digestion on ash 550oC (DIN 51729-1/-11) referred to original sunbstance
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 10 000.0 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN EN ISO 11885 melting digestion on ash 550oC (DIN 51729-1/-11) referred to original sunbstance
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 660.0 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN EN ISO 11885 melting digestion on ash 550oC (DIN 51729-1/-11) referred to original sunbstance
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 3 000.0 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN EN ISO 11885 melting digestion on ash 550oC (DIN 51729-1/-11) referred to original sunbstance

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 0.2 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN EN ISO 17294-2
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 11.0 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN EN ISO 17294-2
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 28.0 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN EN ISO 17294-2
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 45.0 1.0 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN EN ISO 17294-2
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 8.0 1.0 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN EN ISO 17294-2
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 8.0 2.0 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN EN ISO 17294-2 microwave digestion according to DIN 22022-1
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 26.0 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN EN ISO 17294-2 microwave digestion according to DIN 22022-1

Other elements

Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 81.0 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN EN ISO 17294-2 microwave digestion according to DIN 22022-1

Special components

pH pH 11.5 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN ISO 10390
Total sum of PAH mg/kg (dry) 1.5 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 analogue DIN EN 15527
Conductivity mS/m 25 °C 1 290 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 BGK Chapt. III C2

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Particle density kg/m³ 1 800 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN 66137
Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 129 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN 51705
Water holding capacity wt% 233.60 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN EN ISO 14238, A
Specific surface area (BET) m²/g 29.00 EUROFINS 2015-07-07 DIN 66132/ ISO 9277