Biochar Beech wood (#3518)

ID-number#3518
MaterialBiochar Beech wood
DescriptionGasification biochar from large scale gasifier
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Ashes and residues from biomass conversion
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ Biochar ▸ European Biochar Certificate
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [804] brandstof na carbonisatie
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2015-07-09
RemarksBeech wood in pellets from Rettenmeyer commonly used in the large scale demo gasifier at ECN (original material see ID 2905)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 2.70 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN 51718
Volatile matter wt% 5.84 6.00 8.05 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN 51720
Ash content at 550°C wt% 24.81 25.50 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN 51719
Ash content at 815°C wt% 23.16 23.80 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN 51719
Fixed carbon wt% 66.65 68.50 91.95 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 70.35 72.30 97.05 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN 51732 threshold >50
Hydrogen wt% 1.14 1.17 1.57 DIN 51732
Nitrogen wt% 0.36 0.37 0.50 DIN 51732
Sulphur wt% 0.03 0.03 0.04 DIN 51724-3
Oxygen wt% 0.61 0.63 0.85 DIN 51733
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 26.11 26.90 36.11 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN 51900
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 26.47 27.20 36.51 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN 51900
HHVMilne MJ/kg 25.10 25.79 34.62 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 13 000.0 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN EN ISO 11885
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 210.0 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN EN ISO 11885
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 16 000.0 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN EN ISO 11885
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 85 000.0 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN EN ISO 11885
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 3 500.0 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN EN ISO 11885
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 220.0 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN EN ISO 11885
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 700.0 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN EN ISO 11885

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN EN ISO 17294-2
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 3.0 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN EN ISO 17294-2
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 10.0 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN EN ISO 17294-2
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 580.0 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN EN ISO 17294-2
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 6.0 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN EN ISO 17294-2
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 10.0 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN EN ISO 17294-2
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 5.0 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN EN ISO 17294-2
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN EN 1483/ DIN 22022-4

Other elements

Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 30.0 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN EN ISO 17294-2

Special components

pH pH 11.9 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN ISO 10390
Total sum of PAH mg/kg (dry) 0.5 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 16 EPA
Conductivity mS/m 25 °C 203 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 BGK Chapt. III C2

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Particle density kg/m³ 2 100 EUROFINS 2015-05-22 DIN 66137
Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 143 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN 51705
Water holding capacity wt% 86.30 EUROFINS 2015-06-02 DIN EN ISO 14238, A
Specific surface area (BET) m²/g 141.00 EUROFINS 2015-06-10 DIN 66132/ ISO 9277